The purpose of questioning is to get students actively involved in their learning by eliciting responses from them instead of giving them information. When planning your session, you might consider key questions that you think are important.
Give your tutees sufficient time to consider your questions. If they say they don’t understand, rephrase the question, but don’t assume that silence means they don’t understand: Tutees may want to take time to think about and formulate their answers; this should be encouraged.
The Socratic Method
This form of instruction is sometimes called the inquiry method. It is based upon a student’s current level of understanding of a subject. Questions progress from what the student knows, and progresses towards new ideas that the tutor guides the student toward with directed questioning.
Drills are series of questions with a controlled response and only one right answer. This might be an effective strategy for a subject that requires a lot of memorization.
You and your tutee could alternate roles: Let your tutee tutor you. This is especially useful for a class that features essay exams, where a tutee will need to explain things in a thorough, coherent manner.
Make sure your tutee can apply what they have learned. For example, if you have been going over math problems, let your tutee do a problem or two on their own.